Osteoporosis is related to dysfunction of the crosstalk between osteoblasts and osteoclasts, the cells involved in the formation and resorption of bone, respectively. Oxidative stress and inflammation are involved in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Because of their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, natural compounds such as polyphenols extensively present in fruit, vegetables, wine, tea, extra virgin olive oil, and berries, play an important protective role in disorders of bone metabolism, including osteoporosis. A diet rich in polyphenol-rich fruit and vegetables can reduce bone mineral density loss, decreasing the risk of fracture and preserving lifestyle quality. The aim of the present review is to highlight the principal mechanisms involved in the role played by the main dietary polyphenols in the prevention and/or treatment of osteoporosis.
KEY WORDS: Osteoporosis, oxidative stress, dietary polyphenols, bone health.